UPSC PRE 2020 - Polity, International Affairs Answer Keys - Explanation

Readers are advised to go through the references and links.


A parliamentary system of government is one which

(a) All political parties in the parliament are represented in the government

(b) The government is responsible to the Parliament and can be removed by it

(c) The government is elected by the people and can be removed by them

(d) The government is chosen by the parliament but can not be removed by it before completion of a fixed term


Definition of parliamentary government - a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature has a democratically elected parliamentary government.


Which part of the constitution of India declares the ideals of welfare state?

(a) Directive Principles of State policy

(b) Fundamental Rights

(c) Preamble

(d) Seventh schedule


Consider the following statements

  1. The constitution of India defines its basic structure in terms of federalism, secularism, fundamental rights and democracy

  2. The constitution of India provides for the ‘judicial review’ to safeguard the citizen’s liberties and to preserve the ideals on which the constitution is based.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Statement 1 if limited to federalism, secularism, fundamental rights and democracy itself is not completely wrong but several judgements by Judiciary have added several parameters as basic structure of the constitution. So it depends on UPSC how it approaches this statement. If broader view is taken then statement is partially correct and if narrower view is taken then the statement is correct as given. Considering the factor that it is not totally wrong statement this option can be considered as correct. But let's wait for answer key by UPSC. Hence marked in red colour.

Statement 2 is correct.

The constitution of India provides an express provision for judicial review in the shape of Article 13. which states as:

13(1). all laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of constitution shall be void to the extent to which they are inconsistent with the provisions of part 3rd of the constitution.

In the context of India which one of the following is the characteristic appropriate for Bureaucracy?

(a) An agency for widening the scope for parliamentary democracy

(b) An agency for strengthening the structure of federalism

(c) An agency for facilitating the political stability and economic growth

(d) An agency for the implementation of public policy


The preamble to the constitution of India is 

(a) A part of the constitution but has no legal effect

(b) Not a part of the constitution and has no legal effect either

(c) A part of the constitution and has the same legal effect as any other part

(d) A part of the constitution but has no legal effect independently of other part.

https://www.lawnn.com/preamble-in-constitution/


With reference to the provisions contained in part IV of the Constitution of India, Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. They shall be enforceable by the courts

  2. They shall not be enforceable by any courts

  3. The principles laid down in this part are to influence the making of laws by the state.

Select the correct answer using the given code below-

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only


Article 37. "The provisions contained in this Part shall not be enforceable by any court, but the principles therein laid down are nevertheless fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws."



Consider the following statements

  1. According to Constitution of India, a person who eligible to vote can be made a minister in a state for six months even if he/she is not a member of the legislature of that state

  2. According to the representation of people act, 1951, a person convicted of a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for at least five years is permanently disqualified from contesting an election even after his release from prison.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

A person becomes eligible to vote when he/she attends age of 18 years and in order to be a member of the legislature of the state he/she must attend minimum age of 25 years. So statement 1 is incorrerct.

Read section 8 of Representation of People Act, 1951 (Disqualification on conviction for certain offences). Statement 2 is incorrect.


Consider the following statements:

  1. The president of India can summon a session of parliament at such a place as he/she thinks fit.

  2. The constitution of India provides for three sessions of the parliament in a year but it is not mandatory to conduct all the sessions.

  3. There is no minimum number of days that the parliament is required to meet in a year.

Which of the above given statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 3 only


Article 85. (1) "The President shall from time to time summon each House of Parliament to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but six months shall not intervene between its last sitting in one session and the date appointed for its first sitting in the next session."


https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/parliament-winter-session-delay-congress-november-december-assembly-elections-4951659/


Rajyasabha has equal power with Loksabha in

(a) The matter of creating new all India services

(b) Amending the constitution

(c) The removal of the government

(d) Making cut motions


Article 368(2) - "An amendment of this Constitution may be initiated only by the introduction of a Bill for the purpose in either House of Parliament, and when the Bill is passed in each House by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting, [it shall be presented to the President who shall give his assent to the Bill and thereupon] the Constitution shall stand amended in accordance with the terms of the Bill."



With reference to the funds under Member of Parliament Local Area Development(MPLADS)Scheme, which of the following statements are correct?

  1. MPLADS funds must be used to create durable assets like physical infrastructure for health, education etc.

  2. A specified portion of each MP’s fund must benefit SC/ST populations

  3. MPLADS funds are sanctioned on an annual basis and the unused funds can not be carried forward to the next year.

  4. The district authority must inspect at least 10% of all works under implementation every year.

Select the correct answer using the given code below-

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 and 4 only

(c) 1, 2  and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 4 only

You can find all the above statements as it is in the pdf shared in a link. MPLAD Funds can be carried forward to the next year. It is mentioned clearly in the guidelines.

https://mplads.gov.in/MPLADS/UploadedFiles/MPLADSGuidelines2016English_638.pdf


Which of the following categories of Fundamental Rights incorporates protection against untouchability as a form of discrimination?

(a) Right against exploitation

(b) Right to freedom

(c) Right to Constitutional remedies

(d) Right to equality


In India, separation of judiciary from executive is enjoined by

(a) The preamble of the constitution

(b) The directive principles of state policy

(c) The seventh schedule

(d) The conventional practice


Article 50. "The State shall take steps to separate the judiciary from the executive in the public services of the State."


Along with the budget, the Finance Minister also places other documents before the parliament which include “The Macro Economic Framework Statement” The aforesaid document is presented because this mandated by

(a) Long standing parliamentary convention

(b) Article 112 and article 110(1) of the constitution of India

(c) Article 114 of the Constitution of India

(d) Provisions of the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management act, 2003

https://dea.gov.in/sites/default/files/FRBM%20Act%202003%20and%20FRBM%20Rules%202004.pdf


A constitutional government by definition is a 

(a) Government by legislature

(b) Popular government

(c) Multi party government

(d) Limited government


Other than the fundamental rights , Which of the following parts of the Constitution of India reflect/reflects the principles and provisions of the Universal declaration of human rights(1948)? 

  1. Preamble

  2. Directive principles of state policy

  3. Fundamental duties

Select the correct answer using the given code below-

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3 


In India, legal service authorities provide free legal services to which of the following type of citizens

  1. Person with an annual income of less than Rs 1,00,000

  2. Transgender with an annual income of less than Rs2,00,000

  3. Member of other backward classes(OBC) with an annual income of less than Rs 3,00,000 

  4. All senior citizens

Select the correct answer using the given code below-

(a) 1 and 2 only 

(b) 3 and 4 only 

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1 and 4 only


https://nalsa.gov.in/services/legal-aid/eligibility


Consider the following pairs

          International agreement/setup                     Subject

  1. Alma Ata declaration                             Healthcare of the people

  2. Hague convention                                  Biological and Chemical Weapons

  3. Talanoa dialogue                                    Global Climate Change

  4. Under2 Coalition                                    Child Rights

Which of the pairs above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 4 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2, 3 and 4 only


In which one of the following groups are all the four countries members of G20 ?


(a) Argentina, Mexico, South Africa and Turkey


(b) Australia, Canada, Malaysia and New Zealand


(c) Brazil, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam


(d) Indonesia, Japan, Singapore and South Korea


The members of the G20 are: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and the European Union.


The term ‘West Texas Intermediate’,sometimes found in news, refers to a grade of


(a) Crude oil


(b) Bullion


(c) Rare earth elements


(d) Uranium



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